Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior. Laws are made by governments, specifically by their legislatures. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution (written or unwritten) and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics and society in countless ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people.
Legislation is law which has been promulgated by a legislature or other governing body, or the process of making it. (Another source of law is judge-made law or case law.) Before an item of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill, and may be broadly referred to as "legislation" while it remains under consideration to distinguish it from other business. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict.
Wednesday, 2 January 2013
Government Decision on Teaching Religion in Educational Institutions
Published: 06/07/2010 in the Official Gazette no. 114-116
According to article 35 par. (8) and (9) of the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, art.38 par. (2) of the Law on education no.547-XIII from 21 July 1995 and Art.32 par. (7) and (8) of the Law no.125-XVI from 11 May 2007 on religious organizations and their component parts, the Government DECIDES:
1. that, beginning with the academic year 2010-2011, the primary and secondary school timetables shall include the discipline "Religion", which will be delivered optionally, upon pupils’ parents or guardians’ request.
2. The Ministry of Education shall:
a) operate the necessary changes in educational plans for primary and secondary education;
b) develop the curriculum and methodological guidelines for the discipline "Religion" and, until August 20, 2010, will deliver them to educational institutions;
c) ensure the training for professors to teach the discipline in primary and secondary educational institutions;
d) monitor the implementation of the provisions of educational plans for grades I to IX with respect to pupils’ religious education.
Prime-minister Vladimir FILAT
Minister of education Leonid Bujor
No. 596. Chişinău, 2 July 2010.